Color is a direct function of light (Sayre, 2007, p.129). Through a spectrum, sunlight goes into a prismand it is divided into various colors, people recognize the color wheel.
1 Types of Colors
According to Henry M. Sayre (2007, p.129), there are three types of colors:
- Primary Colors
Primary colors are colors that cannot be created by blending other colors. Red, yellow, and blue are included in this color type.
- Secondary Colors
Secondary colors are colors that can be created through blending of the primary colors, such as green, orange, and purple.
- Intermediate Colors
Intermediate colors, or tertiary colors, are colors created by blending primary colors with neighboringsecondary colors. For instance, a yellow-orange color is created by mixing primary yellow with thesecondary orange.
2 Hue, Value, and Saturation
There are also three basic color properties in a color, called hue, value, and saturation (Carter,Day, Meggs, 2007, p.80). According to Hideaki Chijiiwa (1987, p.10), hue is the actual color. Lightness is the amount of black and white fused with the hue color, which, in other words, the shades of the colors, while saturation is the intensity or vividness of a color.
3 Color as Mood
Colors also play an important role in illustrations. They have a potential to give mood andatmosphere of a scene to the audience, as well as to make a sense of time and space (Tuminello, 2008, p.132). For example, a warm mood can be achieved by using red, orange, and yellow colors. This overallmood of an illustration is called a color scheme (Chijiiwa, 1987, p.11).